Tag Archives: Equipment Descriptions

Meat Processing for Small Businesses – Free Online Information

Here is another example of valuable technology information that is available for free from the FAO.

click the image to download the manual

click the image to download the manual

The manual covers meat science, processing, processing equipment, ingredients and formulations in detail with little mention of other business topics such as distribution, marketing and quality. The book is some 400 pages long is well illustrated with drawings and photographs.

 

Ice Pigs in Food Processing?

Talking of pigs in a food processing plant brings to mind an abattoir or a plant in a really sad state of cleanliness. However, this pig is actually behind new operations in Food Processing that improve hygine while saving capacity, chemical, product and water. The principle is explained in this video

I remember first hearing of pipeline pigs when the petroleum pipeline from Durban to Johannesburg was installed. This was basically a rigid plug with the diameter of the pipeline that is pumped through the pipeline between two different fluids. The novelty here is a flexible plug which can even separate fluids in a heat exchanger. The second video demonstrates the process although the transition back to process flow is somewhat spoiled by a demo failure.

While both this videos feature the Food Process Engineering company GEA, this is not to imply they are the only or a preferred supplier. The links below are to other online starting points, but it would be wise to approach your suppliers for further information.

http://www.zap-icepigging.com

http://www.purecleanicepig.co.uk/pcip_002.htm

http://www.jhed.mk/filemanager/JHED%20Vol%202/01.%20HED/02.%20Full%20paper%20-%20Ian%20Sterritt.pdf

http://www.ice-pigging.com

 

A Comprehensive Solar Drying Manual – Free Online Information

I happened onto this manual just now and it got me to thinking about solar drying again.

click the image to download the manual

The document was prepared as a training manual for a Zimbabwian project funded by the Austrian Embassy titled Establishment of a production, sales and consulting infrastructure for solar thermal plants in Zimbabwe.

Its a comprehensive manual covering many designs and processes which you will see in illustrations from other documents you have read over the years. The 110 page book contains descriptions of many different dryers as well as examples of many different crops and their dryers. It also presents a great deal of technical data on drying but even though the title of the project nothing about markets, packaging and selling.

Solar drying should be all the rage currently giving its potential to impact global food shortage and climate change – but we still seem to be where we were decades ago.

 

Dairy Processing Introduction – Free Online Information

If you are looking at starting a new dairy business, this is a really good but simple starting point.

Image by Dave Harcourt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Starting with some background and an explanation of shelf life the 8 page pamphlet goes through building, equipment, legislation, cleaning and sanitation, quality assurance, dairy processes, dairy unit operations, suppliers, references and support organisations.

Even if you are a small dairyman, it would be worth reading this just as another view.

Buying Food Processing Equipment – Free Online Information

This is an unusual short paper that lays out the steps necessary to select and buy food processing equipment.

Document guiding the identification, selection and buying of equipment.

from: Oklahoma State University
(click image for full story online)

The paper proposes a six stage process and presents a list of items that need to be included in a specification. It also provides some useful links and an example of a purchase specification for a filling machine.

Meat Processing Technology For SMEs – Free Online Information

This 450 page book is an amazing resource for the aspirant meat processor. It covers everything from meat to plant cleaning in great detail.

Meat Processing Technology For SMEs 1

from: UN FAO
(click image for full story online)

Meat, processes and equipment are described in detail with supporting diagrams and photographs. Processing is described based on the processing principles six classes of meat products defined in the manual and on selected processes. Understanding the difficulty in the hygienic aspects of food processing the manual has a strong focus on Good Hygienic Practices (GHP) and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Schemes (HACCP), which are discussed in detail in the manual. But realizing the complexity of the process it also supplies much background information to allow a good understanding but also describes in practical detail cleaning and sanitation practices.

This appears to really be a very good and comprehensive technology reference manual. It does not address market and business issues.

Small and Medium Scale Fruit Juice Processing – Free Online Technical Manual

This 220 page book by Bates, Moris & Crandall is available free online via http://bit.ly/FBRDH1

This book covers an extremely wide range of juice processing technologies for a large number of fruits and is published by the Food and Agricultural Organisation.

 

 

Principles and practices of small - and medium - scale fruit juice processing.jpg

 

from: FAO
(click image for full story online)

 

This review was originally published in Food Processing Africa.

The book starts with background information that includes history, value of juice, definitions, standards, morphology, composition and safety. It then addresses raw materials including cultivars, seasonality and post harvest handling.

A general description of fruit juice manufacturing, is followed by detailed discussion of juice processing principles focussing on the stabilisation/preservation processes, namely refrigeration, freezing, canning, hot fill, aseptic processing, sterile filtration, chemical preservatives, concentration, jelly and jam manufacture, wine making, dehydration and vacuum drying.

The second half of the book presents very practical and detailed information on specific juice products focussing on citrus, grape, apple, pear, peach, apricot, plums, cranberry, strawberry, blueberry, blackberry, raspberry, cherry, pineapple, mango, passion fruit, guava, papaya, guanabana, acerola, naranjilla, carambola, lychee and banana. The book also covers tomato and carrot juices and complementary products where juices and pulps are an ingredient including jams, jellies, syrups, smoothies, dairy, Sports drinks and even the use of supplements as equipoise that help with athletic performance.

Throughout the material is well presented with photographs, tables, diagrams and flowsheets. While the scientific base is given, the focus is on practical descriptions of industrial process at a very detailed level.

A disappointing feature is the limited focus on process management and commercialisation. The reader would do well to use a book such as “Setting up and Running a Small Fruit or Vegetable Processing Enterprise” to address these.

The book ends with a large set of references.

 

John F Marshall – Small Scale Equipment Manufacturer

John F Marshall is active in offering small enterprise equipment in sub saharan Africa.

Suppliers Website

Food processing equipment manufactured by John F Marshall.jpg


(Click the image to visit the website)

 

The image above, from their website, shows only 5 of the machines they offer.

Dave Cole, who was involved in Rutec the successful small business development company, is head technical and sales manager and brings a design and construction focus. They even offer to design machine to their clients specifications/needs.

This site is well worth visiting and bookmarking.

 

FoodProcessing.com

There are a number of articles focussing on new processes at FoodProcessing.com, that make interesting reading.

Food Processing.jpg

While these articles are interesting its also worth your while to bookmark this site, subscribe to its feeds and even join up for their monthly electronic journal – all for free!

The Future of Food Processing: Mixing at the Speed of Sound

The Future of Food Processing: A New Way of Dehydrating

The Future of Food Processing: High Pressure Beats the Heat
FoodProcessing.com
Food processes promise greener processing, cleaner labels and higher-quality food

Turning up the heat in thermal processing