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Enterprises

Savings Through Reducing Pasteurisation Temperature

This is a video published by Tetra Pak, that describes research they undertook to establish whether the standard fruit juice pasteurisation conditions could be reduced to save energy while still guaranteeing shelflife and avoiding product “damage”.

They found that, for orange juice, the second pasteurisation could be reduced from 95C for 15 seconds to 80C. This reduces cost of energy for orange juice filling at 22 000 l/h over 500 shifts a year by 19% and carbon footprint by 20%.

They also found that the across plate temperature difference could be increased from 5 to 20C. This would have significant impact on the heat transfer surface required and hence the capital cost of the pasteuriser.

Some Focussed Food Based Reports – Free online Information

Over the past view weeks I have come across several rather focussed processing reports which I thought it was worhgwhile to share here in a simple form. I believe the image tells you what its about and clicking will open the document. The documents I link will generally be technology heavy although there will be there industry issues covered in detail. 

click an image below to view the relevant paper

IITA report on Cassava enterprises in West Africa

 

Small Scale Palm Oil Processing in Africa

 

Www iita org c document library get file p l id 786671 folderId 1074647 name DLFE 5910 pdf

Low cost sustainable cassava drying technologies pdf

 

 

Smaller Bakery Process and Equipment – online video

After the previous post which showed an industrial baking operation, here are a few videos that show smaller scale baking. The first is a slightly mechanised bakery that is producing standard non industrial breads.

The next video is of a small artisinal bakery – these are becoming popular where health, environment and simplicity are traits that consumers are willing to pay more for.

The third video, published on YouTube by Vincent Talleu, shows his love for the tactile aspects of baking.

▶ Bakery Work YouTube

Please let me know if you find these videos useful or merely a waste of bandwidth and I will adjust my posting appropriately.

Small Scale Popcorn Equipment

Here is a business that can be set up with quality equipment at an affordable cost.

This is a manual oil kettle based popping plant which can produce 55 kg/h from the two poppers. More poppers can be combined with a larger sifting and cooling table. Poppers can also be combined in automated units.

please note this is not a recommendation, only a sharing of information

Food Product Innovation

This is another of the many manuals by FAO. This one discusses product development, although in a someone theoretical way.

click the image to visit the web page

The manual is broad, covering the following topics:

There is a lot of good information in here although for my liking its a bit theoretical and maybe it could do with some more interesting case studies.

It is, however, worth downloading and reading. It is 35 pages and was published in 2006 so is up to date and comprehensive.

Commercialising Cactus Pears – Free Online Information

If your community has large areas of cultivated cactus pears or if it is a good climate for cactus pears but little is grown, this manual could be of real value to you.

Commercialising Cactus Pears - Free Online Information

click image to visit site

This 150 page manual with 13 pages of reference, will surely give you all you need to know about the utilisation of cactus pear. You can then build your business by integrating this information with you knowledge of your community using you entrepreneurial skills.

A quick scan through the chapters of the manual illustrates the breadth and detail of the information.

Chapters of   /http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/a0534e/a0534e.pdfCommercialising Cactus Pears

The manual is available for free download, however, if you have problems please email me and I will make sure you get a copy.

Potato Crisp Production – Free Online Process Descriptions

This simple description outlines the process and equipment used in the commercial production of potato crisps.

How potato chip is made used processing product machine Raw Materials The Manufacturing Process Quality Control Byproducts Waste The Future 5

click image to see article

If you are interested in the smaller scale production of potato crisps as the basis for a household business, Practical Action publish a Technical Brief 

Potato Storage and Processing pdf

click image to see article

This is a detailed article that provides a lot of useful information and also has contact details for Practical Action who are specifically experienced in small scale businesses with a developmental side.

National Mission on Food Processing – Free Online Information

The National Mission on Food Processing is an Indian web site that provides very detailed information for food processing entrepreneurs on a wide range of food products.

A webpage offering detailed food processing business information

from: National Mission on Food Procesing
(click image for full story online)

The site provides wide ranging information including product and process descriptions as well as costing and financial analysis. It is focused on the needs of smaller and start up entrepreneurs, although the information would be valuable to any processor. Some 110 product are covered in this manual.

Unfortunately, the information and especially the suppliers and costing is developed for application in India. However, it is still a useful source of information for any entrepreneur.

DTI Presentation – South African Food Processing Industry

This presentation by the DTI contains interesting information on Food Processing and the Food Processing Industry in South Africa. Although it is rather old, much of the information is still of value.

click the image to visit the website and download the document

 

Production of Foods From Marula, Monkey Orange and Embee

This paper looks in some detail at the production of juice, jam, jelly and muffins from Marula, Monkey Orange and Embee.

click image to visit the site

The results are good and show a high degree of acceptance for the products made.

However, having just been looking at some of the attempts to commercialize this type of food in South Africa, it is the commercialisation which is the difficult step. Giving recipes and training to communities is unlikely to create jobs unless a focused entrepreneur gets hold of it.